Tattoo & Scar Coverage


Colours - Amount of Ink - Scarring - Layering of Tattoos

AW3® Flash Ink™– ND Yag Q Switched Laser system is best known to be the most effective tattoo removal machine. Unlike other poor-quality systems that can cause scarring easily, the AW3® Flash Ink™ will remove tattoos or pigmentation as well as minimises the risk of scarring to your customers. Not only it does the job most effectively, but the beauty of the machine is flawless compared to any of its range. The system is equipped with laser target as standard for super precision aiming, making treatment much easier to gain higher customer satisfaction.


Tattoo artists use a variety of compounds to create tattoo pigment, with an inability to specifically identify the exact makeup of the ink. As such, professional and amateur tattoos differ in their physical and chemical composition of ink.

Amateur tattoos tend to use elemental carbon particles compiled from cigarette ash, pencil particles, graphite, or inks, such as India ink.

Professional artists use organic dyes mixed with metallic elements and have a propensity to mix pigments to achieve a desired colour. 

Colours most often used by tattoo artists are black, red, blue, green, yellow, and orange. Black pigment granules in tattoos vary in size from 0.5µm to 4.0µm and are typically composed of carbon- and iron-containing granules. Colours other than black have been noted to be up to twice the size of the black pigment.

These differences in pigment size and composition lead to the difference in amount of treatments needed. Black pigments are the easiest to remove due to their relatively small size, lack of metallic elements, and ability to absorb every wavelength of light.

Red pigments are also considered easily removable in comparison to other colours, such as green and yellow based on their composition as well. Red pigments are known to contain a mixture of metallic and carbon elements with a smaller percentage of titanium dioxide, leading to its ease in removal.

Other colours, such as green, yellow, and orange are more difficult to remove and warrant extended treatments.


The amount of ink within a tattoo is another parameter that affects laser tattoo removal. The difference in the amount of ink lies within the type of tattoo the patient has—professional or amateur.

Amateur tattoos are usually placed unevenly in the superficial dermis and tend to contain less ink than professional artists. Thus, amateur tattoos tend to respond quicker to laser treatment.

Professional tattoos on the other hand tend to lie deeper in the dermis and have a greater density of pigment. 


Tattoo placement can sometimes lead to complications that include granulomas, lichen planus, keloids, and psoriasis. Tattoo placement may result in increased collagen deposition in the superficial dermis, with potential for scar formation. Although the propensity to form scars is highly variable among clients in general, patients with Fitzpatrick skin types 5 and 6 (darker skin) have higher incidences of scar formation.


Patients sometimes seek to “remove” an undesirable tattoo by layering it with another tattoo. The new tattoo is usually larger than the tattoo it is replacing, incorporating, and hiding the previous tattoo in new contours and colours.

Since tattoo ink is translucent, layering or covering up a previous tattoo necessitates darker tones in the new tattoo to effectively hide the older one. Since the new layered tattoo is larger and darker, it will require more treatments for tattoo removal.